Cambridge, UK
Known As: Sam

Archibald Samuel Elliott

Language & Compiler Developer

I am a Compiler Engineer. I have been working in compilers and programming languages since 2014, exploring ways to make programs more safe and more efficient. This has included work on solver-aided compilation, domain-specific languages, and program synthesis. I have contributed to LLVM, to the Rust compiler, and to the RISC-V psABI.

I received my M.S. in Computer Science and Engineering from the University of Washington in 2017, where I was a member of the PLSE Group. I received my BSc (Hons) in Computer Science from the University of St Andrews in 2015. My Publications page lists my publications from that time.


I have started a new role as a Senior Compiler Engineer at Arm.
Yuichi Sugiyama, a GSoC 2020 student I helped to mentor, has written about what he accomplished this summer. Yuichi focussed on adding pointer authentication to Ibex and the RISC-V LLVM Backend.
Paper: Our paper on Fireiron has been accepted to PACT 2020.
I gave a guest lecture about the RISC-V ELF psABI and my work in that area to Xi Wang's Capstone Course on Operating Systems.
I have been promoted to software team lead at lowRISC. I am looking forward to the challenges of my new role.
Older News
We have released a preprint describing Fireiron, a Halide-like scheduling DSL for GPU programming that I worked on while at NVIDIA.
LLVM 9.0 has been released. This is the first version of LLVM which includes RISC-V as an official backend.
I have written about my background in compilers and why I joined lowRISC.
I have started at lowRISC, working on the LLVM RISC-V backend.
A report describing a recent collaboration on Synthesizing Number Generators for Stochastic Computing using Mixed Integer Programming is now available on
Bravo Zulu, the yacht I raced on in Seattle until it was sold placed 7th on the Top 25 sailboats of 2018 by 48° North magazine.
Paper: Our Paper, Swizzle Inventor has been accepted to ASPLOS 2019.
I sailed CYC Seattle's Puget Sound Sailing Championship aboard Bravo Zulu. We came 2nd in class. This was Bravo Zulu's last regatta with that owner and crew.
I joined Vinod Grover at NVIDIA, for an internship in Redmond.
I sailed The Swiftsure International Yacht Race on Memorial Day Weekend, aboard Bravo Zulu. We came 28th overall in the Cape Flattery Race.
Paper: Our Paper, Checked C: Making C Safe By Extension has been accepted to IEEE SecDev '18.
I sailed The Southern Straits Classic Yacht Race on Easter Weekend. I was aboard Amazing Grace, a C&C 40. We came 5th in the PHRF Long Course.
I attended POPL 2018 in Los Angeles!
Bravo Zulu, the yacht I race on, has once again placed on the Top 25 sailboats of 2017 by 48° North magazine. This time we're 12th.
I have completed my M.S. in Computer Science and Engineering at the Paul G. Allen School at the University of Washington. My Technical Report is available.
I have returned to Microsoft Research for another three-month internship on the Checked C project.
I have joined Microsoft Research to do a three-month internship on the Checked C project, working with David Tarditi.
The yacht I race on, Bravo Zulu, placed 9th on the Top 25 sailboats of 2016 by 48° North magazine.
I have started graduate school in Computer Science at the University of Washington, in Seattle.
I won the Lockheed Martin Award for Software Engineering at the Young Software Engineer of the Year Awards.
I attended ICFP 2015 in Vancouver.
I completed my BSc (Hons) in Computer Science at the University of St Andrews, in Scotland. My BSc Dissertation is available.

Current Work GitHub →

LLVM Official Site →

2017 Onwards My major focus recently has been working on LLVM-based projects.

At Arm I worked on Arm Compiler for Embedded, a toolchain which includes a Clang- and LLVM-based compiler and a proprietary set of tools and libraries primarily aimed at embedded applications. This toolchain also contains the official assembler for the Arm Architecture.

At lowRISC I worked on the RISC-V target, from frontend improvements to backend bugfixes, including coordinating contributions from the team there. I also occasionally contribute RISC-V related improvements to the Rust compiler.

RISC-V psABI Specification →

2019–2021 I made a few contributions to the RISC-V ELF psABI, as part of my work at lowRISC.

I still maintain a list of ABI-related resources on GitHub, which may be useful to others.

Research Projects Publications →

Schedule Synthesizer

2018 I worked on how solvers and synthesis can be used to create (or assist in creating) Halide-like schedules for linear algebra applications. The requirement that the structure of these schedules be amenible to synthesis fed into the Fireiron work, a system for scheduling dense linear algebra algorithms on GPUs.

Fireiron Paper →

Swizzle Inventor

2018 I worked on using program synthesis techniques to assist programmers in designing efficient data access patterns for parallel programs.

"Swizzle Inventor: Data Movement Synthesis for GPU Kernels" Paper →

Checked C Official Site →

2017 I worked at Microsoft Research on a project to make C safer, by adding bounds checks to memory accesses. This included design of low-cost dynamic checks as well as bounds inference algorithms.

"Checked C: Making C Safe By Extension" Paper →

"Putting the Checks into Checked C" Technical Report →

Erlang meets Idris

2014–2015 My bachelor's dissertation project was producing an Idris to Erlang compiler, and associated libraries for producing verified concurrent programs in Idris that use Erlang VM features.

"A Concurrency System for Idris & Erlang" Dissertation →


2013–2014 I worked on the data types team at Basho, developing novel CRDTs that are included in Riak since version 2.0.

"Riak DT Map: a Composable, Convergent Replicated Dictionary" Workshop Paper →

"CRDTs: An Update (or just a PUT)" Talk at RICON West 2013 →

skel: A Streaming Process-based Skeleton Library for Erlang

2012 I worked at the University of St Andrews on the ParaPhrase project to develop parallel skeleton library for Erlang.

“Cost-Directed Refactoring of Parallel Erlang Programs” Journal Paper →

Side Projects

What I do when I'm not typing code into computers.

Sailing My Logbook →

I have sailed most of my life, and in 2016 I got hooked on yacht racing.